How to learn programming for beginners? A Definitive Guide

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So, How to learn programming? If you’re a fresher or if you’re someone who’s just interested in getting into coding then this article is for you. Alright so in this article we will basically be discussing a lot of different topics that will pertain to how you can start with coding.

How to learn programming?

let’s take a quick look at our topics to be covered in this article.

  1. Why learn to code?
  2. How you can start coding?
  3. Which languages should you start with?
  4. How to choose a project?
  5. From where can I learn to code?

1. Why learn to code?


So, why do you want to learn to code? Let me tell you a story. There is a person who wants to learn to code because he wants to earn a big salary and there is another person who wants to learn to code because he is interested in coding. Both have the same goal in their mind, they want to become better at coding.

So, these can be a few reasons, why you should learn to code. You should ask yourself why do you want to learn to code?

Now, this is important you should ask this question to yourself because if you don’t have the motive of learning in mind then once you start learning and come across any error then if you are not able to solve that error you will stop doing it. Because you don’t have any proper motivation. So, make sure you have proper motivation in mind when you start learning what coding is.

2. How you can start coding?

paper plane

Now that you have figured out why you want to learn to code. So, now how you can start coding by yourself. You can start coding basically by figuring out what you want to do. What is your motive to start coding?

Computer science is a very vast field. There are so many different fields you can get into so you have to narrow it down. This is like problem-solving. So, you have a very big problem. You have to figure out what you want to do with coding.

So, you want to develop android applications, or you want to develop a website, or you want to make a bot. What kind of thing do you want to do with coding?

3. Which languages should you start with?

Programming language

Once you have figured out what do you want to do. You should go ahead and learn what are the languages and tools that are required for that thing. Let me give you an example, think of a person who is just interested in web development but he’s never getting into it he has just heard about it and he wants to get into it. Then he starts learning, how to code a website using HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, and a lot of different things.

Now, this is how I recommend you to first figure out what you want to learn and then figure out what tools and languages are required for that thing. Then learn the basics of that language. Then make simple mini projects and practice practice and practice.

Start with baby steps. Do not go directly making a big website like Facebook or Twitter. If you do this then you will obviously fall off the track and you’ll not know where to start from.

So, you can do a lot of things out there. You can make small games if you want to get into game development or you want to become a game developer. Then you should start off making very small games. Then you can go ahead and make web applications or mobile applications.

So, that way you should figure out why you want to learn to code and then what you really want to do and what are the tools and languages you need for it. And then learn the basics of that language.

Learn the basics of that language

So, first of all, you need to learn the basics of programming. It is always recommended to make the basics strong to be better at programming. So, learn the basics and practice them by making your own problems and then solving them. Focus on the following topics to learn to program as they are almost the basics of any language.

  • Data types
  • Variables
  • Loops
  • If statements
  • Functions
  • Arrays
  • Classes and Objects
  • Binary trees
  • Data structures and algorithms

Make your first project

After learning the basics of programming, try to build your first project. Building your own project helps you to learn to solve problems on your own. You can practice what you have learned by building your own projects and solving the errors that come across while you are making the project of your own choice.

4. How to choose a project?

Now, this is the stage where most people get stuck. They are unable to decide what to build at this stage. But there is a simple solution to it. Let’s see that below.

i. Choose something that interests you

Now, again you should ask yourself what you are interested in. What you enjoy doing in life. You must enjoy making it. Because it keeps you motivated until you are done. So, make something that interests you. Like if you like graphic designing, why not make a portfolio website for your artwork. Or if you love playing games then make simple games.

ii. Make something simple

tic tac toe programming mini project

As I have told earlier in this article, don’t directly jump to make the big picture. Try something small (I mean super small).

Take baby steps and learn from your previous mistakes and solve problems. And then gradually increase the difficulty of your projects and always add something new in your previous project. In this way, you are gonna learn better and be better at programming.

Like if you are gonna make a website like Twitter, in the beginning, you will get stuck and stop doing it. Start making a simple Website using just HTML and CSS. If you want to get straight right away, go to Freecodecamp for free HTML and CSS tutorials, it’s free to learn.

Programming is easy but everything takes time and patience and a lot of motivation.

5. From where can I learn to code?

Love to code how to learn programming

There are many free and paid resources where you can learn to code. Some of them I have mentioned below. Don’t forget to check them out.

i. SoloLearn (Highly Recommended)

SoloLearn has the largest collection of free code learning content, from beginner to pro. It is also available in mobile application. SoloLearn is my favorite platform to learn to code because it is not only a learning platform, but it is also a social media for programmers throughout the world. You can also interact with other learners throughout the world. You should definitely check out this platform. I strongly recommend this platform.

ii. W3schools

W3schools is one of the best learning sites where you can learn any language for free. W3school includes tutorials related to HTML, CSS, JavaScript, JSON, PHP, Python, AngularJS, React.js, SQL, Bootstrap, Sass, Node.js, jQuery, XQuery, AJAX, XML, Raspberry Pie, C++, C# and Java.

iii. freeCodeCamp

If you want to learn web development, you should really head towards freeCodeCamp. freeCodeCamp is a non-profit organization that consists of an interactive learning web platform, an online community forum, chat rooms, online publications, and local organizations that intend to make learning web development accessible to anyone.

iv. Codeacademy

Codeacademy is another online interactive platform that offers free coding tutorials in 12 different languages including Python, Java, Go, JavaScript, Ruby, SQL, C++, C#, Swift, and Sass, as well as markup languages HTML and CSS.

v. Youtube

Obviously, Youtube is the best platform for learning anything. You can checkout different Youtube channels for learning to code. Here are some of the best channels from where I have learned a lot:

To learn more about the free resources to learn programming check out: “11 Best free coding apps (Learn to code for free)


I hope this article will help you decide where to start and how to get your first project coded. I have listed most of the useful platforms to get you started for free. If you have any questions, feel free to ask in the comment section below. And also, if you have any tips that you would like to share with others learning programming? Let us know. Thanks for your precious time. Share this article with your fellow learner. Because sharing is caring. Best of luck!

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