What is Web Development? – A comprehensive guide to web development

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What is web development?
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What is web development? Web development mainly refers to building an environment on the web server-side. First of all, let’s talk about the web. What is a web?

What is the Web

WWW is an abbreviation for World Wide Web, which stands for “spider web”. Information such as characters, images, videos, and music can be used with systems that use HTML documents that are standard on the Internet and intranets. Pages created using the web are called “Web pages” and “Web sites”.

How does the web works?

How does the web works? What is web development?

Software and computers that publish information on the web are called Web servers. Those that receive information from Web servers are called Web clients.
It consists of delivering information such as Text, images, videos, and music from the server to the client via the Internet.

When publishing a simple website, we create the front side with HTML / CSS and rent a rental server to publish it.

* For details on the Internet, write the next section.

Front end and server-side

Web pages consist of two main parts: the front-end and the back-end.

front end

The front end refers to the client’s interface, and the representative languages ​​are HTML, CSS, and javascript.


HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is one of the markup languages ​​created to create web pages.
Hypertext is something that can be displayed on a browser by embedding text information.


CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a language for specifying styles, and you can decorate marked-up tags.


An object-oriented scripting language developed for interactive expression on the web, where you can add movements, etc.


The server side is where data is exchanged from the front end; Java, PHP, Ruby, etc., are typical languages.
Recently, server-side development using JavaScript is also progressing, and there are Node.js, React, Ajax, etc.

What is Web Development?

What is web development?

What is web development? What exactly is web development?

Web development simply is the process of developing things and content for the web. Think about it like the process of creating content for the web so, whether that’s websites or web applications.

Web development is the production and maintenance of a website. It is a task that is handled behind the scenes to bring a website to life. The person who performs such duties is titled a web developer.

Web development is completed by using a variety of coding languages. Which language to use? It depends on the task that is to be performed and the platform on which the job is completed.

The web developers are divided into three categories.

  1. Front-end Developer (The user side)
  2. Back-end Developer (The Server side)
  3. Full-Stack Developer

Let’s learn about these categories one by one.

1. Front-end Developer (The User Side)

These are the brains that are responsible for the layout, design, and interactivity of the website. They use HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to perform this task.

Basically, what they do is they take a design of the website that is mainly designed by a designer and bring that design into life with the help of coding.

This design includes what you see on a website and how you interact with that website, such as Headers, Footers, Body, Font, Menus, Icons, Buttons, Links, Text, etc. This whole layout and design are created by writing a series of code.

2. Back-end Developer

A back-end is a place where the data of a website is stored. And the developers who build and maintain the technology needed to power the components, making sure the user side components are working well, are known as Back-end Developer.

Without this back-end data, there would be no front-end existing. The back-end developers are responsible for creating, debugging, maintaining, and testing the entire back-end. The back-end includes databases, data and application integration, API, etc.

3. Full-Stack Developer

If we consider the front-end and back-end developer as one person, then it becomes a full-stack developer. Yes, it is possible to be both at the same time.

Front-end Developer + Back-end Developer = Full-Stack Developer

If you are interested in both front-end and back-end, then you should consider becoming a full-stack developer.

Full-stack developers handle both the front-end and back-end. They are equally experienced in front-end and back-end development. They are familiar with how a web works on all levels.

Web development tools

Web development tools

Can you build a machine without using any tools? Obviously, Not.

Imagine a website like a machine. Wait… why imagine? It is actually a machine.

So, how can you develop a website without using development tools? Below I am going to introduce to you the standard tools used to create a website.

Text Editors

As a web developer, is it possible to complete your job without any code and Text editor tools? Obviously, Not.

Like, the air is eccessary to breath a text editor is essential to develop a website. There are so many text editors available on internet. Some of them are just okay, and some are amazing.

Below, I will talk about some of the best yet fantastic text editors available out there. So, let’s right into it.

Visual Studio Code (VSC)

Most commonly used code editor all over the world. Developers have been using this code editor for quite a bit long.

Visual studio code is a free code editor which is developed by Microsoft. It is free and built on open source. It runs everywhere, no matter which operating system you are using. You can download it for free from its official website code.visualstudio.com.


  • Autocomplete with IntelliSense
  • Supports syntax highlighting
  • Debug code within the code editor
  • Built-in Git commands
  • Install extension for more great stuff (like, add new languages, themes, debuggers, etc.)


Notepad++ is a well-known code editor that developers love to use. It is a great application developed in C++.

Its initial version didn’t contain so many functions, but notepad++ made its place among the developers.

It is also preferred by casual users that are, basically, non-developers.


  • Autocomplete (Function completion, word completion)
  • Multiview
  • Supports multiple languages
  • Syntax highlighting
  • Autosave
  • Guided indentation


Atom is also the most loved code editor. It is open-source and runs across operating systems. Windows, OS X, or Linux can run this code editor.

You can also search for new packages and install them or create your own. It also has a community that you can be a part of.


  • Find and replace
  • File system browser
  • Built-in package manager
  • Smart autocomplete
  • Cross-platform editing
  • Multiple panes


Apache NetBeans is free for everyone and also open source. Apache software foundation has developed this fantastic platform.

You can easily create web applications, mobile applications, desktop applications using Java, HTML5, C/C++, PHP, JavaScript, and appreciably more.

It also has the ability to analyze the code that will help to debug the code.


  • Fast and intelligent code editing
  • Cross-platform support
  • Best support for latest Java Technologies
  • Easy and efficient project management
  • Rich set of community provided plugins

Sublime Text

Sublime Text is a well-known text editor because of its simplicity, speed, and keyboard shortcuts that provide great value. Although it also has a paid plan.


  • Goto Anything
  • Goto Definition
  • Multiple Selection
  • Command Palette
  • Powerful API and Package Ecosystem
  • Customize Anything
  • Split Editing
  • Instant Project Switch
  • Cross-Platform

Chrome Developer Tools

Chrome Devtools is built directly in Google Chrome. These are the set of web developer tools that can help you edit pages in realtime and debug JavaScript, enabling you to create a better website.

This is available in both Chrome and Safari. You can use the device mod to test out how responsive the website will be.


To understand GitHub properly you must know about Git. Git is the most popular version control system in the world. A version control system records the changes made to our code over time in a special database called a repository.

We look at our project history and see who has made those changes, when, and why?

If we screw something up we can easily revert to an earlier stage of our project. Without a version control system, we will have to regularly store copies of the entire project in various folders.

Now, GitHub is a version control system and provider of hosting for software development. It uses Git. Distributed version control and source code management are the core features of GitHub.


Bootstrap is an open-source toolkit that will make your life much easier. It will help you develop with HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

It is the most popular front-end component library that will help you develop responsive, mobile-first projects on the web.


jQuery is a free and open-source JavaScript library that simplifies HTML DOM tree traversal and manipulation, CSS animation, event handling, and Ajax.

70% of the 10 million most popular websites use jQuery. jQuery allows a developer to create plugins.


Sass stands for “Syntactically Awesome Style Sheet.” It is written in Ruby, and it makes our life so much easier in writing CSS.

It is an extension for CSS that will allow you to use variables, nested rules, mixin, and functions.

Web Designer VS Web Developer

Web designers have a job to think about and create website designs.

Web developers use programming languages ​​to develop various systems that run behind the scenes of websites.

One of the characteristics of web developers is that they are familiar with web-based languages ​​and systems.

Web developers generally create systems such as shopping sites and blogs. Web designers typically create screens to make them easy to understand and use.

Both need to understand the basics of web production, such as HTML and CSS. Still, designers need skills to handle design software, and programmers also need Knowledge of programming languages ​​and databases.

Differences in qualifications and required skills between web designers and web developers

Both web designers and web developers need to understand HTML and CSS, essential skills for web production.

On top of that, web designers must improve their design sense and implement UI (displayed screen) that takes accessibility and usability into consideration.

Therefore, qualifications will be acquired mainly in the field of design.

Since web programmers are required to program for system development, they need to acquire the development site’s language.

In particular, PHP, Ruby, and Python are widely used nowadays. So it is necessary to have a level that allows development with one or more of these. Knowledge of libraries and frameworks to improve development efficiency is also required.

Which do you recommend, a web designer or a web programmer?

Web designers and web programmers are both important professions to add value to your website.

Web designers are recommended for people who like to think and create their own designs.

Web programmers are an excellent job for people who like to think about systems and mechanisms and create programs.

While web designers need to have senses and sensibilities, programmers need to think about things in theory, so it’s a good idea to consider them based on your own personality.

As we aim to advance our careers, there are increasing cases where both design and programming are required, so many people are not particular about the type of job they are working at.

What do you think? Let me know in the comment section below.

Where to learn web development?

You can learn web development by taking a formal program in high school or college, as described earlier. Or you can learn online for free.

The main drawback of learning online is many people don’t be consistent with it. They leave it in the middle. Everything takes time and effort. You need to be honest, consistent as well as patient if you are learning online for free.

In college or high school, you also get an environment of learning. You can also interact with other students and perform various tasks together. Although there are also available online communities of learners. Like in Sololearn, you can learn as well as interact with other learners.

Where to learn web development for free?

where to learn web development for free? what is web development?

Nowadays, learning any new skill isn’t that hard. You can find plenty of different free online courses on the other platform almost for everything.

There are free courses for web development too. Below you will find a list of different platforms to learn any skill related to programming as a beginner.

1. Sololearn

One of the best free learning platforms. At Sololearn, you can learn any programming language for free. You can also get a free certificate on the completion of any language.

Sololearn is just like a social network for learners. If you face any problem in your learning path, you can simply post your questions and get your answer.

You can also answer other’s queries. It also has its own code playground where you can run code and learn on the go.

You can also challenge other learners on this platform. The challenge is based on 5 simple multiple-choice questions.

Complete courses, win certificates, win challenges and earn badges. So, what are you waiting for? Go ahead and sign up for Sololearn and start your web development path on the go.

2. Codecademy

Codecademy also offers a series of courses for beginners. There are plenty of self-guided tutorials where you can learn web development as a beginner.

You can choose any course from website building to analyzing data. The choice will be yours. Learn by doing, no matter what your experience is. You can start right from the beginning.

3. freeCodeCamp

freeCodeCamp is a non-profit organization. freeCodeCamp offers many free courses with certificates, including web design.

As its name describes, it’s a free coding Bootcamp. You can learn to code for free and start right from the beginning. Their goal is to help everyone learn to code for free.

This will be a great choice if you are starting out web development.

4. Coursera

Coursera is a free course provider founded in 2012 by Stanford University’s computer science professors Andrew Ng and Daphne Koller.

Coursera is also a learning platform. It offers courses almost in every field. You can audit the course for free here, but to get the certificate, you need to pay.

5. Programming Hub

Programming Hub is another fantastic platform for learning to code for free. You can find a massive collection of 5000+ programs, 20+ courses, and the fastest compiler.

Learn to code with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, C, C++, C#, Python, Java, R, etc., for free.

To learn more about free coding courses, you can check out  my detailed article “11 Best Free Coding Apps.

Who can learn web development?

Everyone can learn web development unless you are passionate about it. You don’t need to complete any formal qualifications for this. You only need to be passionate about this and honest with yourself.

Now, that doesn’t mean that learning web development is going to be easier. Learning a new skill takes time. You need to be patient as well as consistent. Remember consistency is a key to success

Is It Hard To Learn Web Development?

This is a question that nobody can answer perfectly. In my opinion, It is hard as well as easy to learn web development.

Now, you might be a little bit confused about what I am saying. Nothing is harder for a person who is passionate about the thing he/she is willing to learn.

Now, if you are learning web development forcibly only to make money, it will not work. It is going to be harder for you to learn web development. It is also possible you will leave in the middle.

That doesn’t mean it is going to be easier for those who are passionate about it. It will be a little bit more challenging for those who are learning web development on their own.

But you should be fearless of challenges. These challenges are responsible for making you a better web developer. Everything takes time. You only need to be consistent and patient towards your learning path to be a better developer. If you are passionate about web development and willing to learn this at any cost, then go ahead jump right into it.

Face the challenges, solve the problems, and achieve your goal.

Face the challenges, solve the problems, and achieve your goal. This is the common question that everyone asks at the beginning of learning any skill. You shouldn’t care about the difficulty of any skill. If you are passionate about it, then go for it.

How long does it take to learn web development?

Some say it takes 4 months. Some say you need 5 months or 6 months to learn . Actually, it depends on you.

Yes, it depends on which level you want to achieve in this field. It depends on your learning speed. How quick a learner you are.

If you want to learn only the basics of web development, you only need a few months. But if you want to master web development, it may take a few years to master this field.

Can I know web development on my own?

The short and sweet answer is YES, YOU CAN. The most common way to learn web development is by learning in college or high school. But you might also hear of many online free learning boot-camps that will help you understand these skills for free.

There are also paid courses available for web development that you can purchase or start for free from any free learning platform.

This is a technology era. Everything is available online to learn on your own. But the key is you need to be consistent about any skill that you are going to learn.

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